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Role of Introduction in Essay writing

5 min read

Role of Introduction in Essay writing

As I mentioned earlier, the role of the Introduction is as follows.

Introducing the topics, themes, and titles of this essay

Only this. For Introduction only.

Therefore, the important thing is

Interesting things that readers are interested in, "What is this essay (the author) writing after this?"

must be. Does that sound a little exaggerated?

But that's what it is. If it's boring or doesn't interest the reader, it won't read after that.

I know that. I'll finish reading it. That's the important part.

When I write an essay (I haven't written it for a long time ...), this part consumes 80% of the power. The rest is in a shell state and can be written almost by inertia (a lie)

 

How to get started

After all, I'm worried about this. So I will introduce four approaches.

① strong a start from the opinion / Bullish comment.

Very strong opinions/thoughts can be of interest to the reader.

By giving opinions from a perspective that readers have never thought of before, or by giving strong opinions, eh? Do you have such an idea? May be interested. It feels like it's spraying a little.

This time is also a sample quote from my textbook.

There are no creatures on earth less practical than humans. And nothing shows our frivolity better than fashion.

From women's hoop skirts to men's high hats, fashion victims through the ages have endured the ridiculous, the uncomfortable, and the absolutely dangerous in their desire to be fashionable.

Even our feet, which are normally planted firmly on the ground, have suffered the pains of keeping up with the latest craze & write my essay.

Source: Weaving It together 4, Connecting Reading and Writing, the third edition

He strongly expresses this irrational and impracticality of fashion.

② Ask the reader a question.

This seems to be quite possible even in Japanese.

I think asking a question is one good way to get into the main subject afterward.

Also, the answers to this question can be answered in the order in the essay.

It's okay to write the answer in the Thesis statement.

This is a quote sample.

Cleanliness is considered a virtue, but just what does it mean to be clean?

As most of us have had the unpleasant occasion to discover, one person's definition can be quite different from another's.

From Istanbul to Indianapolis, people have their own ways of keeping clean and their own reasons for doing so.

Source: Weaving It together 4, Connecting Reading and Writing, the third edition

What is cleanliness? And throws the meaning of being clean. It sounds interesting that some people have their own ways to maintain cleanliness and their own reasons.

"From Istanbul to Indianapolis," here is an expression that is like a wide range of people all over the world (Worldwide).

③ Start with a quote 

Haven't you seen this either? This is a technique that can be used.

From common sayings, celebrity quotes, song lyrics, etc.

The introduction seems to come alive with quotations. (The demon teacher at that time said that using quotations would be lively, but I still don't understand well ...) & write essay for me

Of course, you have to quote the content that is directly related to your essay, right? Even if you put in your favorite lyrics that have nothing to do with the essay, it will be "What?".

This is a quote sample.

“Let me have men about me that are fat,” says Shakespeare's Julius Caesar to Marcus Antonius.

In Julius Caesar's opinion, fat people are more trustworthy than thin ones-that is, those with a “lean and hungry look,” who “are dangerous.”

Source: Weaving It together 4, Connecting Reading and Writing, the third edition

Certainly, by using quotations, you can't help but feel alive.

People who are fat are said to be more credible, but people who are thin can also be credible! Lol. It's an interesting way to attract people. I want to read more.

As an aside, Shakespeare doesn't make much sense if you read it normally (isn't it the same as above?).

I asked my American wife, but Shakespeare's writing is super poem-like, so it seems difficult for Americans.

For example, using other words that have nothing to do with it. I write a woman as Flower ... (this is my analogy).

Well, does it feel like Japanese people can't understand the ancient texts immediately after reading them?

The story is off, so I will continue.

④ Start with a little story or anecdote 

I think this is also an interesting and effective way to get interested.

Anecdotes and secret stories about real people and incidents, fact-based strange stories, etc. Interesting secret stories that are likely to be realized in the near future. Are you a little interested?

You can make abstract images more realistic for your readers.

When writing anecdotes, write something related to these statements in the essay. You can't write anything that is completely unrelated.

Basically, I will write the facts in the story.

This is a quote sample.

Imagine walking on the surface of Mars. You follow the channels where water is believed to have once flowed, hike across the flat plains covered with rocks of all sizes, and jump the basin called Hellas, measuring more than 930 miles across.

After you explore the polar caps, you climb the huge volcano Olympus Mons, which is twice as high as Earth's highest peak.

Seem impossible? It may be in the real world, but not in virtual reality & write my essay for me.

This is a fantasy story (which is actually happening) that attracts readers. I'm curious about the continuation.

 

How was it? Use these techniques to get started with your essay.

This article is still going on ... If you are tired, take a break and continue reading.

 

 

Types of research methods

7 min read

 Types of research methods

 

There are many different treatises on the types of research. The controversies to accept the different typologies suggest confusing situations in styles, forms,write essays for me, approaches, and modalities. Strictly speaking, and from a semantic point of view, types are defined systems to obtain knowledge. A synthesis of the types shown by different authors on the subject is presented.

 

Research Methods

Research Method is the rigorous procedure, formulated logically, that the researcher must follow in the acquisition of knowledge. "The method is the set of processes that man must undertake in the investigation and demonstration of the truth."  The method refers to the procedures that can be followed to prove the hypothesis, meet the objectives or give a specific answer to the problem that you identified, start by defining the starting point, what will be observed in the first instance. If you start from specific situations and expect to find information about them to analyze them with a general theoretical framework, you will refer to induction. The method that you expect to follow in the investigation should always be referred to as the problem posed.

 

The scientific method

It is the procedure or set of procedures used to obtain scientific knowledge, the work model or general guideline that guides the write my research paper writing.

The method for obtaining the so-called scientific knowledge is a rigorous procedure, of a logical order, whose purpose is to demonstrate the true value of certain statements. The word method comes from the roots: meth, which means goal, and ears, which means path. Therefore, the method is the way to reach the goal. Method and methodology are two different concepts. The method is the procedure to achieve the objectives. The methodology is the study of the method.

 

The observation

It is an important procedure in scientific research, it can be understood as “the process by which certain features existing, in reality, are deliberately perceived through a prior conceptual scheme and based on certain purposes generally defined by a conjecture that one wants to investigate”. The observation involves special conditions:

  • It should serve to achieve the results of the objectives set in the investigation.

  • It must be planned regularly. The researcher must define what he wants to observe and what are his possible results.

  • It must be systematically controlled by the researcher and be related to theoretical propositions referring to the object of investigation. Therefore, the observer must know in depth the theoretical framework on which he bases his research.

 

Some knowledge methods

The breadth of criteria in the ways of research has produced different methods to obtain knowledge. Some of the most usual are:

  • Induction-deduction.

  • Analysis-synthesis.

  • Experiment.

  • Explanation.

  • Axioms

  • Structure.

  • Dialectics.

  • Math.

  • Mechanism

  • Functionalism

  • Historical materialism

  • Systems

 

Induction-deduction

Induction consists in going from particular cases to generalization; It is initiated by the observation of particular phenomena to reach conclusions and general premises. The deduction, in going from the general to the particular; begins with the observation of general phenomena to point out the particular truths. The deductive process is not enough by itself to explain knowledge.

 

Analysis and synthesis

Analysis and synthesis are processes that allow the researcher to know the reality. The analysis handles judgments, it is a process of knowledge that is initiated by the identification of each of the parts that characterize a reality, you can establish the cause-effect relationship between the elements that make up the object of investigation. The synthesis considers the objects as a whole, the interrelation of the elements that identify the object. The method that uses analysis and synthesis consists in separating the object of study into two parts and, once its essence is understood, build a whole. Analysis and synthesis are two processes that complement each other.

 

Experimentation

The experimental method has been one of the most successful. Applies the observation of phenomena, which at first is sensory. With the abstract thought, the hypotheses are elaborated and the experiment is designed, to reproduce the object of study, controlling the phenomenon to prove the validity of the hypotheses.

 

Classification of research methods

Some authors, when referring to the methods speak of schemes or levels of research, according to their explanatory capacity and the sophistication or rigor of their procedures. They agree to order them in three stages. Adding a 4th category (comparative causal research) as described by more recent authors.

 

Level I: Exploratory studies

At this level, “an advance in the knowledge of a phenomenon is sought, often with the purpose of better specifying a research problem or to be able to explain other hypotheses”. Consequently, this research scheme should be flexible to allow the reconsideration of different aspects of the phenomenon, as progress is made. “In practice, the most difficult part of an investigation is an initiation; the most careful procedures during the last phases of an investigation are of little value if it has been based on an incorrect or inappropriate principle. ” 

For these reasons, exploratory studies are highly recommended for novice researchers and undergraduate students. Its methodology includes two types of actions:

  • Study of the documentation;

  • Direct contacts

 

The first one refers to the reconstruction of the work done by others: a review of files, reports, studies and all kinds of documents or publications. Direct contacts with the problem to be studied can be made later or simultaneously with the review of the documentation. Probably, only a small part of the existing knowledge and experience has been arranged in written form.

Examples of thematic areas of exploratory studies in pedagogy students can refer to addiction to alcohol or other drugs, their eating habits during class time, behavior in the library area, leadership and informal organizations.

 

Descriptive studies (Level II)

Fundamentally they address the description of social or educational phenomena in a particular temporary and special circumstance. Different levels of research differ in the type of question they may ask. While in the exploratory investigations no questions are raised that lead to precise problems, but rather problematic areas are explored, in this 2nd Level the questions are guided by descriptive schemes and taxonomies; Your questions focus on the variables of the subjects or the situation.

 

Comparative causal studies (Level III)

When you want to establish cause and effect relationships or establish differences of certain variables between groups of students, the most direct path chosen by the researcher is the experimental method, controlling all the intervening variables and modifying in their way the independent variables to appreciate its possible effects on the dependent variables.

Unfortunately, the complexity of social phenomena does not always allow controlling or manipulating various variables, which can only be observed as presented, for example, the profession of the attorneys, the number of siblings, the interests of the students, etc.

Another strong limitation to experimentation in education is ethical considerations regarding the manipulation of human beings.

Consequently, the researcher meets the effects of something that is happening and from these effects, the possible causes that have already occurred are investigated. In contrast, in experimental designs, independent variables arise in the present and can be modified according to the researcher's plan; They are said to be active variables.

 

Experimental Designs (Level IV)

Experimentation is an observation provoked to achieve a certain objective, it modifies the conditions that deliberately determine a fact to record and interpret the changes that occur in the said phenomenon.

In these designs, the axis element is the approach of a causal hypothesis, which establishes relations of EFFECT CAUSE in the development of certain events. The experiment has the character of a test medium, which is planned in a deductive way to gather evidence to infer the value of the hypothesis, according to the classical model of the Scientific Method.